Manila Hemp


Manila Hemp
ABACA, or MANILA HEMP
A fibre obtained from the leaf stalks of the "musa textilis", a plant in the Philippine Islands, Sumatra, Java and Borneo. It is strong, has great durability, varies from 40-in. to 140-in. in length, yellowish-white in colour, and has a lustrous appearance. It is light, but rather stiff in handle. The yield of the fibre is only about 11/2 per cent of the weight of the green leaves. In India the inner fibres of the leaf stalk are much used for making fine cloths, the outer and coarser fibres being used in the manufacture of matting for floor covering, cordage, canvas, etc. The fibre (fine quality) is also used as weft in some fabrics for upholstery, chiefly on account of its colour and lustre. There are many grades, ranging from fine to coarse, obtained from these several species of banana and pineapple plants. Manila hats are made from these fibres. The fibres are tied end to end and woven without being spun into yarns. It is a tall plant, growing from 16 to 22 feet, and has a stem up to 12-in. diameter. This is one of the most important fibres cultivated in the tropics. Although called Manila Hemp it is quite unlike true hemp. Others names are "Cebu Hemp" and "Davao Hemp" (see textile fibres) ————————
MANILA HEMP
See Abaca. The fibre obtained from the Musa textilis, a variety of plantain, a native of the Philippine Islands where it is known as abaca.

Dictionary of the English textile terms. 2014.

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  • Manila hemp — n. 1. A fibrous material obtained from the abaca plant ({Musa textilis}), a plant allied to the banana, growing in the Philippine and other East India islands; called also by the native name {abaca}. From it matting, canvas, ropes, and cables are …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Manila hemp — Hemp Hemp (h[e^]mp), n. [OE. hemp, AS. henep, h[ae]nep; akin to D. hennep, OHG. hanaf, G. hanf, Icel. hampr, Dan. hamp, Sw. hampa, L. cannabis, cannabum, Gr. ka nnabis, ka nnabos; cf. Russ. konoplia, Skr. [,c]a[.n]a; all prob. borrowed from some… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Manila hemp — n. [often m h ] 1. a Philippine plant (Musa textilis) of the banana family 2. a strong, tough fiber from the leafstalks of this plant, used for making high quality rope, paper, clothing, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Manila hemp — For the plant the fiber is from, see Abacá. The packaging of manila hemp (Musa textilis) into bales at Kali Telepak, Besoeki, East Java. Man …   Wikipedia

  • Manila hemp — noun 1. a kind of hemp obtained from the abaca plant in the Philippines • Syn: ↑Manilla hemp, ↑abaca • Hypernyms: ↑hemp 2. Philippine banana tree having leafstalks that yield Manila hemp used for rope and paper etc • Syn: ↑abaca, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • manila hemp — /mənɪlə ˈhɛmp/ (say muhniluh hemp) noun a fibrous material obtained from the leaves of the abaca tree, Musa textilis, used for making ropes, fabrics, etc. Also, Manila hemp …   Australian English dictionary

  • Manila-hemp — pluoštinis bananas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Bananinių šeimos pluoštinis augalas (Musa textilis), paplitęs Filipinuose, plačiai auginamas kitur. atitikmenys: lot. Musa textilis angl. abaca; abaca banana; Manila hemp vok. Faser Banane; …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Manila hemp — noun The fibre of the abaca. Syn: abaca, abacá, abaka, abaca fibre, manila hemp fibre …   Wiktionary

  • Manila hemp — Manil′a hemp′ n. tex abaca 2) • Etymology: 1850–55 …   From formal English to slang

  • Manila hemp — noun Etymology: Manila, Philippine Islands Date: 1814 abaca …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Manila hemp — a fibrous material made from the leafstalks of the abacá, Musa textilis, used for making ropes, fabrics, etc. Also called Manila, manilla. [1850 55] * * * …   Universalium